Giving different connotations to the same thing. Suggestions for this page are welcome (needed!). modified 2003-11-11.
See also: FUD (Fear Uncertainty and Doubt) learning.html#fud
I find it astonishing that just by using a different word to refer to the same thing, a writer/speaker can choose to make it sound like a good thing or choose to make it sound like a bad thing.
Help me add to the list when you find new ways of referring to a bad thing to make it sound good (euphemisms), or new ways of referring to a good thing to make it sound bad (??? name ???). "different ways of referring to the same thing in a good or bad light"
[FIXME: I'm also starting to collect "single words that refer to completely opposite things", like ``cleave'' and ``upgrade'' and ``revolution''. Should I put them in a seperate section ? ]
Here I list lots and lots of individually spun words and phrases. John Gruber has de-spun an entire press release http://daringfireball.net/2003/04/translation.html . I think "the problem with technolatin" http://www.searls.com/whatobjt.html is also pretty funny.
Other pages that discuss similar words include Wikipedia:Power_word , Wikipedia:Loaded_(language) .
|conspire||cooperate||plan||"I plan, you cooperate, and They conspire" article by Paul Greenberg 1998 Feb 7|
|Gang||Youth Group||from the "Insensitive Term -- Preferred Term" Politically Correct Dictionary in THE PC MANIFESTO http://www.repairfaq.org/filipg/OPINIONS/F_Manifest.html /* was http://www.paranoia.com/~filipg/HTML/MINE/F_Manifest.html */|
|"When I do it, it's development.||When you do it, it's coding.||When he does it, it's mindless hacking."||-- Paul Tomblin|
|they use a nonstandard word, either out of ignorance or simply to be different||they use a different word||they use a more appropriate, more accurate word||http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Quadrilateral#Congruent_or_equal|
|"When talk radio mobilizes them, they're an angry mob"||"When a community organizer mobilizes them, they're concerned citizens"||Mallard Fillmore" by Tinsley 9-9 2009|
|special interests||stakeholders||"Newspeak alert" Newsweek 2009-Aug-03 p. 14|
|"willingness to casually spend ridiculous sums of cash on idiotic rubbish"||"consumer confidence"||http://notnews.today.com/2008/11/28/portsmouth-gets-future-crime-predicting-cctv-cameras/|
|interrogation||interview||Officer George Bruch|
|old and creepy||historic|
|DANGEROUS: What's for dinner?||SAFER: Can I help you with dinner?||SAFEST: Where would you like to go for dinner?||http://www.dennydavis.net/poemfiles/lvsad2.htm|
|finite element analysis||FEA||fractal element antennas|
|rut||track||"get your wagons out of the rut"; "get your train back on its track"|
|things going boom and people getting killed||unintentional / uncontrolled energy releases and/or injury||http://www.kuro5hin.org/story/2002/1/19/03430/8484|
|'without Netscape, our design stinks.'||'this page optimized for viewing with Netscape'||-- Web Week ??? html.html#preferences|
Having Strong Opinions
|they proseleytize||you preach||we share||
I dropped "proseleytize" from my vocabulary after I noticed (and I was run off Relaynet for saying this) that it is one of those funny words which by DEFINITION only apply to Them. We share, you preach, they proseleytize.Will Linden 2002 Feb 2 http://ecben.net/
|no one really knows how to build them yet||optimistic spacecraft architectures||-- Ralph L. McNutt, Jr. 2002-02-20 http://www.spacedaily.com/news/outerplanets-02b.html|
|Impossible to fix.||MAINTENANCE-FREE!||Engineering Marketing Hype Translated http://repairfaq.cis.upenn.edu/sam/humor.htm#hum107 also has many other funny ones.|
|Nobody agrees with me||There has been some discussion||A Brief Guide to Scientific Literature http://repairfaq.cis.upenn.edu/sam/humor.htm#hum000 also has many other funny ones.|
|brain-damaged||programmer-oriented||-- PatrickTufts http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?ChoosingaWiki|
|weasely, timid, brown-nosing, fearful||subtle, nuanced, diplomatic, sensitive|
|hoarding||stockpiling||collecting, gathering, preparing|
|stubborn||determined||[FIXME: someone on Christlib]|
|rude, simplistic, insensitive||bold, courageous, fearless, frank|
|"those who don't completely agree with me"||"those who are not thinking clearly"||-- someone on Christlib|
|Americans exercising their democratic rights||potential terrorists||http://www.villagevoice.com/issues/0309/solomon.php|
|monolithic ... lacking in internal diversity||highly unified, cohesive||http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adherents.html|
|fragmented, schismatic||diverse, multifaceted and abounding in variations on the same theme.||http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adherents.html|
|assault weapons||guns||defense weapons||-- Ted Weiland http://www.jubilee-newspaper.com/YAH/firearms.htm|
|USPS||United States Power Squadrons, The United States Postal Service||United States Power Squadrons http://www.usps.org/ "the largest private boating organization in the world" , The United States Postal Service (U.S. Postal Service) http://www.usps.com/|
|terrorism||counterinsurgency||Lewis Green http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/editorialsopinion/134351683_pacifists10.html|
|stupidity test||intelligence test|
|spouse||affection provider||wife / husband|
|wearing too much make-up||cosmetically oversaturated|
|this one is for idiots.||this one is easier to use.||this one does the job in less time and with less hassle.||Stuart Cheshire http://www.stuartcheshire.org/rants/AppleAdvertising.html|
|"Well, one man's "sanctimonious crap" is another's higher moral ideal." -- Fredric L. Rice|
|"Uniform Resource Locator"||URL||unrequited love||http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/types.html#type-uri , http://www.halfbakery.com/idea/Anti-unrequited-love_20drug|
|Crayon||a popular tool used to create a variety of graphics by younger artists and future chip designers.||http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/creatures/pages/crayon.html|
Our language has wisely sensed the two sides of being alone. It has created the word "loneliness" to express the pain of being alone. And it has created the word "solitude" to express the glory of being alone.- Paul Tillich
To steal ideas from one person is plagiarism; to steal from many is research.-- unknown
|the mess we're in.||Status Quo|
|relentlessly||thoroughly||"Is Democracy Just a Numbers Game ? By choosing polls over principles, our politicians are failing the test of leadership" article by Eric Burns in _Reader's Digest_ 1999-10|
|thugs||troops||police; peace-keepers||-- the Royster-Meister 1999-11-20 (quoting someone else ?)|
|"how much more we can get away with here"||market forces||Pat (?) Wed, 21 Mar 2001 13:08:45 -0800|
|the orbital motion around a fixed point.||revolution||a dynamic shift away from stagnation into progressive new realms, a new way of thinking where change is necessary, and bold, big-picture thinkers fearlessly venture out to create positive change.||http://lsilogic.com/feature_articles/feature20010926.html|
Youth is when you blame all your troubles on your parents; maturity is when you learn that everything is the fault of the younger generation.- Harold Coffin
|To split with or as if with a sharp instrument.||cleave||To adhere, cling, or stick fast. To be faithful: "cleave to one's principles".||http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=cleave|
|the drug racket||the alternative pharmaceuticals industry|
|extra-sensory perception||ESP||electrical submersible pumps|
|lumen||the opening inside blood vessels http://www.americanheart.org/downloadable/heart/10148338654401013191236985HSfacts02.pdf ... or ... The unit of luminous flux in the International System, equal to the amount of light given out through a solid angle by a source of one candela intensity radiating equally in all directions. http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=lumen|
|search and rescue||SAR||synthetic aperture radar|
|victim disarmament||gun control||http://www.nguworld.com/vindex/96/103096vs.htm|
|``The E-Zine for Geeks with a Sense of Humor'' http://www.sexcowairlines.com/||SCA||The Society for Creative Anachronism (SCA) http://www.sca.org/|
|Galactic Postal Service||GPS||Geometrical Product Specifications or
the Global Positioning System
|http://www.galactic-guide.com/articles/2U8.html , http://www.iso.org/iso/en/prods-services/CatalogueListPage.CatalogueList?ICS1=17&ICS2=40&ICS3=1 , and machine_vision.html#gps|
|devices of mistrust||door lock||security devices|
|put new bugs in||Upgrade||Take old bugs out|
|"obsolete"||it works, most of the bugs are ironed out of it, nearly everyone's got it, we can't make as much profit out of it. Let's make them buy something new.||Harry Payne <harry at menageri.demon.co.uk> Newsgroups: rec.arts.sf.tv.babylon5 1995-11-26|
|``We herd sheep, we drive cattle, we lead people.'' -- unknown|
|slaves||socioeconomically disfavoured populations||http://creole.ling.su.se/creole/FAQ-Creole.html|
|stolen animal products, fortuitarian comestibles, victims of speciesist slaughter, and brutally betrayed botanical companions.||the four major food groups||http://members.fortunecity.com/alienbunny/|
|the nasty bright thing||Sol, our sun||victoria gwaed http://www.threethirteen.net/lace/cloakett.html|
|electromagnetic pulse||EMP||Experience Music Project||http://www.digitalharmony.com/partners/emp.asp|
|artificial intelligence||A.I.||Amnesty International|
|ftl||faster-than-light; fruit of the loom|
|... at a workstation.||buses stop at a bus station.||Trains stop at a train station.||-- Gavin Denby (1999-12-27) probably quoting someone else.|
|"A person is smart; People are dumb." -- unknown|
|fragmentation||diversity||Tom Henderson July 19, 1999 http://www.byte.com/column/linux/BYT19990715S0021|
|habit rut ritual tradition pre-planned|
|return on investment||ROI||region of interest|
|"increased government meddling in the free market"||"investing in infrastructure"|
|Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory||Larry's Rad Lab||?|
|"These standards are often outdated, inaccurate, and improperly applied, leading to system designs with poor reliability."||tested, tried-and-true, decades-old military and commercial standards||http://www.cyberspy.com/~daci/news198.html|
|poli = many, tics = blood sucking insects||politics||Dave Barry|
|WOMBAT||a useless task, i.e. a "Waste Of Money, Brains, And Talent."||Duncan Philps-Tate, in The mini-Annals of Improbable Research ("mini-AIR") Issue Number 1997-08 http://www.improb.com/|
|Bogs are bad: defective land where neat river networks somehow failed to develop.||Wetlands are biologically fecund places, full of diversity.||http://www.newscientist.com/ns/980829/review.html|
|hyper-text markup language||HTML||Hamburger with Tomato, Mustard, Lettuce||-- unknown|
|"I am either too lazy or too incompetent to design a proper site, but I think it looks cool with XYZ using my setup."||"this site optimized for XYZ"||[no positive spin possible]||http://www.uni-muenster.de/WiWi/home/rentmei/html/opti.html|
|He/She has prejudices.||You have biases.||I have preferences.||-- unknown|
|buzzword-compliant||Harry H. Cheng|
|Role-Playing Game||RPG||Rocket-Propelled Grenade|
|stuff||functions and capability||Michael Markowitz <ednmarkowitz at mcimail.com>|
|"covered with compatibility barnacles"||"fully compatible"||-- unknown|
|that goofy two-legged thing banging on the keyboard and shouting, How Do You Turn This Thing On?||wetware||http://www.creativegood.com/help/c022.html|
|spring loaded test pins||pogo pins||DS31028A-page 28-6 (C) 1997 Microchip Technology Inc.|
|uncontrollable mobile source of pollution||lawnmowers||http://www.ora.com/people/staff/sierra/flum/92.09.htm|
|the much-vaunted "World Wide Web."||WWW|
|problems||challenges||Dynamic Optimism http://www.primenet.com/~maxmore/optimism.htm|
|"the professor has to yell at the students."||"the instructor needs to bring the trainees back on the subject using audio."||http://www.lucent.com/cedl/training1.html|
|SMD||Strain Measurement Devices, Inc.||surface mount device|
|Point of Sale||POS||Plan of Study|
|area of uncertainty||region of confidence||_IEEE Communications Magazine_ 1998-04 p. 74|
|Academy of Country Music||ACM||Association for Computing Machinery http://www.acm.org/|
|Electro-Static Discharge||ESD||Electronic software distribution|
|Intellectual Property||IP||Instrument Panel|
|Intellectual Property||IP||Internet Protocol|
|The fine art of whacking the crap out of an electronic device to get it to work again.||Percussive Maintenance||http://www.pangea.ca/sorvan/tame.html|
||The Unix Philosophy||
||-- from _The UNIX-HATERS Handbook_ p. 37|
|"that big room with the ceiling that is sometimes blue and sometimes black with little lights"||RL||Real Life||http://www.bunnyhop.com/BH5/geekguys.html|
|"your grammar is atrocious"||"your letter appeared to be written in some form of code"|
|"Geek"||"General Expert of Electronic Knowledge"||Jogar the Barbarian <jogar at mailexcite.com> December 28, 1997 at 08:42:13 (EST)|
|erratic flying||evasive maneuvers|
|Error||bug||"undocumented negative product enhancement"||Dijkstra recommends programmers use the term "error" instead of "bug". (I can't find a reference for this). It is rumored that Microsoft occasionally uses the "enhancement" terminology.|
|Law Enforcement Officials||LEO||Low Earth Orbit|
|"maniacal, half-witted menaces"||motorists||"cerebrally challenged, high-risk peril producers"||Blaine Greteman|
|"slothful, cow-eyed, slack-jaws"||pedestrians||"alternatively paced traffic inhibitors"||Blaine Greteman|
|"jacked up" (mangled)||"jacked in" (online)||-- Mark Cary|
|Circle of Death||bad pizza|
|laser pointer||cat remote||Amy Cat|
|gossip||"exchange unconfirmed personal data of another through casual dialog"||Bentley <EulasBoys2 at aol.com>|
|That Flat Thing||TFT||Thin Film Transistor||Carla Schroder, LMT, <erose at pacifier.com>|
|Holy Playground of High Tech Goodies||Carla Schroder, LMT, <erose at pacifier.com>|
|fudge factors||parameters||Paul Cary|
|Law Enforcement Officials||LEO:||Low Earth Orbit|
|"Bloody stupid and dangerous, but probably good fun if no one gets killed."||"A Good Idea"||http://megadodo.com/articles/9R7.html|
|National Computer Security Association (Ira Winkler and friends)||NCSA||The National Center for Supercomputer Applications: ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu|
|junior member of subversive, homophobic, paramilitary organization||Cub Scout in the Boy Scouts of America||from _See, I Told You So_ book by Rush Limbaugh, Ch. 25: The Politically Correct Liberal Lexicon|
|virtues which can be considered vices, and vice-versa. http://www.elfhill.com/leighann/2nd.html|
A pangram is an anagram or a lexigram of the alphabet.
DAV doesn't really like anagrams and puns themselves, mainly because those in one language are practically impossible to translate into another language. This is because they don't stay on one level idea_space.html#level or another, but straddle the line (to mix metaphors).
However, the software to generate anagrams can be interesting. Some clever speed-up tricks.
[FIXME: what did I read about Scrabble and alphabetical tile arrangement ? learning to recognize alphabetized words seems helpful to find anagrams ... and Upwords and certain board games ... and reading text in the idea_space.html#chromatic_alphabet ] [FIXME: I'm putting lots of ``level-breaking'' stuff here, although it really has nothing to do with words in a dictionary ... better place ? ]
Another level-breaking concept is the ambigram http://www.georgehart.com/scott-kim.html also called an inversion http://www.scottkim.com/inversions/index.html . ( http://rdrop.com/~half/Creations/Art/Ambigrams/ , http://www.ambigram.com/ )
This utility checks incomplete crossword entries (like CH_CK_N) or anagram combinations .against a list of almost 200,000 English words. These include Scrabble-legal words as well as proper nouns that may appear in crossword puzzles. You start by entering a word pattern -- a series of letters or wildcards (blanks or asterisks). To find possible solutions, you can then click the Crosswords button, which retains the letter order, or the Anagrams button to allow reordering of the letters. ...
You even can use CrossGuesser as a poor man's spell-checker. ... The Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 source code is provided with the utility for those interested in seeing how it works. ...
Three aspects of the program warrant discussion here: data compression (the word list), recursion (pattern matching), and interface tricks (the unusual result-list box). ... I can keep the compressed form in memory and perform decompression on the fly as pattern-matching occurs ... The compression technique I describe here takes advantage of that order by representing each word in terms of the difference between it and the prior word in the list. ...
Some more anagram links collected by jwz: http://www.jwz.org/bookmarks.html#Generated_Texts
Different words, spelled the same.
Distinct English words that unfortunately are spelled exactly the same.
résumé (reh-zu-may: a summary) vs. resume (ree-zoom: to continue after an interruption)
Dearest creature in creation,
Study English pronunciation.
I will teach you in my verse
Sounds like corpse, corps, horse, and worse.
I will keep you, Suzy, busy,
Make your head with heat grow dizzy.
Tear in eye, your dress will tear.
So shall I! Oh hear my prayer.
Just compare heart, beard, and heard,
Dies and diet, lord and word,
Sword and sward, retain and Britain.
(Mind the latter, how it`s written.)
Now I surely will not plague you
With such words as plaque and ague.
But be careful how you speak:
Say break and steak, but bleak and streak;
Cloven, oven, how and low,
Script, receipt, show, poem, and toe.
Hear me say, devoid of trickery,
Daughter, laughter, and Terpsichore,
Typhoid, measles, topsails, aisles,
Exiles, similes, and reviles;
Scholar, vicar, and cigar,
Solar, mica, war and far;
One, anemone, Balmoral,
Kitchen, lichen, laundry, laurel;
Gertrude, German, wind and mind,
Scene, Melpomene, mankind.
Billet does not rhyme with ballet,
Bouquet, wallet, mallet, chalet.
Blood and flood are not like food,
Nor is mould like should and would.
Viscous, viscount, load and broad,
Toward, to forward, to reward.
And your pronunciation`s OK
When you correctly say croquet,
Rounded, wounded, grieve and sieve,
Friend and fiend, alive and live.
Ivy, privy, famous; clamour
And enamour rhyme with hammer.
River, rival, tomb, bomb, comb,
Doll and roll and some and home.
Stranger does not rhyme with anger,
Neither does devour with clangour.
Souls but foul, haunt but aunt,
Font, front, wont, want, grand, and grant,
Shoes, goes, does. Now first say finger,
And then singer, ginger, linger,
Real, zeal, mauve, gauze, gouge and gauge,
Marriage, foliage, mirage, and age.
Query does not rhyme with very,
Nor does fury sound like bury.
Dost, lost, post and doth, cloth, loth.
Job, nob, bosom, transom, oath.
Though the differences seem little,
We say actual but victual.
Refer does not rhyme with deafer.
Foeffer does, and zephyr, heifer.
Mint, pint, senate and sedate;
Dull, bull, and George ate late.
Scenic, Arabic, Pacific,
Science, conscience, scientific.
Liberty, library, heave and heaven,
Rachel, ache, moustache, eleven.
We say hallowed, but allowed,
People, leopard, towed, but vowed.
Mark the differences, moreover,
Between mover, cover, clover;
Leeches, breeches, wise, precise,
Chalice, but police and lice;
Camel, constable, unstable,
Principle, disciple, label.
Petal, panel, and canal,
Wait, surprise, plait, promise, pal.
Worm and storm, chaise, chaos, chair,
Senator, spectator, mayor.
Tour, but our and succour, four.
Gas, alas, and Arkansas.
Sea, idea, Korea, area,
Psalm, Maria, but malaria.
Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean.
Doctrine, turpentine, marine.
Compare alien with Italian,
Dandelion and battalion.
Sally with ally, yea, ye,
Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, and key.
Say aver, but ever, fever,
Neither, leisure, skein, deceiver.
Heron, granary, canary.
Crevice and device and aerie.
Face, but preface, not efface.
Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass.
Large, but target, gin, give, verging,
Ought, out, joust and scour, scourging.
Ear, but earn and wear and tear
Do not rhyme with here but ere.
Seven is right, but so is even,
Hyphen, roughen, nephew Stephen,
Monkey, donkey, Turk and jerk,
Ask, grasp, wasp, and cork and work.
Pronunciation -- think of Psyche!
Is a paling stout and spikey?
Won`t it make you lose your wits,
Writing groats and saying grits?
It`s a dark abyss or tunnel:
Strewn with stones, stowed, solace, gunwale,
Islington and Isle of Wight,
Housewife, verdict and indict.
Finally, which rhymes with enough --
Though, through, plough, or dough, or cough?
Hiccough has the sound of cup.
My advice is to give up!!!
If GH can stand for P as in Hiccough If OUGH stands for O as in Dough If PHTH stands for T as in Phthisis If EIGH stands for A as in Neighbour If TTE stands for T as in Gazette If EAU stands for O as in Plateau Then the right way to spell POTATO should be GHOUGHPHTHEIGHTTEEAU.-- Anonymous
1999-06-09:DAV: I just discovered these are called "isonym" or "heterophonic homographs" http://www.frii.com/~katana/isonym.html .
In praise of paper books and paper dictionaries. Things that electronic dictionaries still cannot do.
new words David is learning.
DAC's vocabulary list of words:
(date is 1st time David met it)
(started 1996 May 18)
Need to look up:
ethos, logos, pathos
quire, kliros, chior (architecture): the area of the church or cathedral intended for singers to sit, stand, or kneel during services; typically between the nave and the sanctuary. 2010-02-25
Amphisbaena: a mythological creature with a head at each end.
Amphisbaenia ("worm lizard"): a legless, burrowing animal; superficially similar to earthworms, except it has teeth; with a tail that vaguely resembles its head; named after the mythical Amphisbaena. 2010-02-25
hydronics: the use of water as the heat-transfer medium in heating and cooling systems. 2010-02-25
ansatz = "an educated guess that is verified later by its results."
invigilate = "To oversee a test or exam; to proctor" 2009-07-22
catallactics = "the science of exchanges", a theory of how the free market system conveges on prices. Friedrich Hayek prefers this term over "economy", because of the Greek roots of the words: economy ~= household management; catallaxy ~= "to exchange", and "to admit in the community", and "to change from enemy into friend." 2009-02-01
rubric = written in red 2003-11-11
amanuensis = "one employed to write from dictation or to copy manuscript: secretary" http://users.visi.net/~cwt/moonwalk.html 1998-09-26
A spiritual awakening sought in Zen Buddhism, often coming suddenly.
epiphany, one of DAV's favorite words)
discusses a connection between epiphanies, linguistic ambiguity,
replevin: the recovery by a person of goods or chattels claimed to be wrongfully taken upon the person's giving security to try the matter in court and return the goods if defeated in the action.
exiguous "For many weeks I had been tweaking fetchmail rather incrementally while feeling like the interface design was serviceable but grubby -- inelegant and with too many exiguous options hanging out all over." -- http://www.ccil.org/~esr/writings/cathedral-paper-6.html
usa "politically correct" ~=~ uk "ideologically sound"
Schmetterling = butterfly
Subject: Re: Raining Fish
From: david at quercus.org (David P. Adam)
dr.s.wright at mail.internexus.co.uk (Stephen Wright) wrote:
>Does anyone know the term for when it rains real fish?
>Thanks in anticipation!
(Good thing you thanked me in advance... :))
humanism: "a naturalistic philosophy that rejects all supernaturalism and relies primarily upon reason and science, democracy and human compassion."
-- Corliss Lamont (?)
epistemology: The study of how we know things.
Date: Wed, 9 Oct 1996 23:17:49 -0800
To: pdx-b5 at aracnet.com
From: chris at aracnet.com (Chris Baugh)
Subject: pdx-b5: telepaths make for bad TV
If B5 is a novel told in TV, the telepathic battles are
the unfilmable parts of that novel. It's harder to suspend disbelief when
the actors are leaning on the proscenium arch.
heteroscedastic noise: Analytical Chemistry, Jan. 1, 1994.
Date: Tue, 24 Sep 1996 20:07:48 -0400 From: Sarah Marr <sarah.marr at dial.pipex.com> To: Multiple recipients of list <excelsior-l at excelsior.org> Subject: Re: OMEGA corrections ... e.g. (exempli gratia) is 'for example': 'He hates sharp implements, e.g. knives.' ... i.e. (id est) is 'that is to say': 'Give me your name, i.e. what you are called on yourbirth certificate.'
FUNCTION SysEnvirons (versionRequested: INTEGER; VAR theWorld: SysEnvRec)
In this case, Pascal pushes a pointer to theWorld on the stack. The Pascal
interface glue then pops this pointer off the stack directly into A0 and calls
SysEnvirons. Everything is copacetic.
(1996 May 18)
Ikabana: Japanese art of flower arranging
(1996 May 18)
Hydroponics: growing plants without soil, usually in an inert material like plastic foam or an nutrient solution. Very high yields in a small space, probably suitable for urban farming.
(29 May 1996)
Aquaculture: Farming fishes, usually in big nets in rivers. (29 May 1996)
Aquaponics: A combination of aquaculture and hydroponics: the waste products of the fishes (especially ammonia) are used as nutrients for the plants, which act as filters for the fishes in an aquarium. It is an almost closed system, requiring only feeding of the fishes and energy. There are some interesting webpages out there about this, take a look at http://www.intercom.net/biz/aquaedu/hatech/
(29 May 1996)
"aeroponics": grow a plant above the ground - for example, suspended in a pot - so that its roots grow out into the air. Then sprinkle the roots with nutrient-enriched water. The plant will also draw on the air as usual. (29 May 1996)
(see Hacker's Dictionary) (Is it in the Jargon File ? creed.html#jargon )
+From: jdevries at gate.net +Newsgroups: alt.hackers +Date: Tue, 28 Jan 1997 09:20:35-0500 ... +ObThisIHaveDoneHack: While in college I drove a '66 Corvair 500 with a +stock radio. Since I also had cassettes and a walkman type player, I was +tempted to drive with headphones. I kept thinking, if I had a schematic +of this old AM radio, I could inject the audio from the tape player. Anyway, +while cruising home, I was turning down the volume on the radio, and it +was making its usual pops and crackles, when it hit me. The volume control +has to be in the audio stage. Sure enough, if the radio was tuned to dead +air, audio could be injected at the volume control. I just soldered a 1/8" +audio plug to a cable connected between one lug on the volume control +(carefully chosen* to control MY signal) and ground. Worked like a champ. + +* "carefully chosen" means, 1) Connect to 1 of 3 lugs at random, 2) If it +doesn't work, try another, 3) Repeat "2" as necessary.
VSP "We seemed to be running back to the same issues: what are we trying to say, anyway? It was more "What?" than "How?", although "How?" can keep legions of VSP (very smart people) fascinated for years on end! :)" -- From: John Whynot, 71334,143 To: W'bee/DL, 70730,3655 Topic: Art, Technology & VR Msg #21550, reply to #21489 Section: Cyber Arts  Forum: Cyber Date: Mon, 1994 Apr 4, 23:40:21
Magicians =def= Employees of General Magic.
reify /ri.a.fei/ = to regard (something abstract) as a material thing.
Synonyms from http://www.2600.com/phrack/phrack22.html
Thinking: Problem Solving Conversation: Exchange of information Love: Emotional fulfillment Sex: Physical fulfillment Drugs: Introspection Poetry: Metaphor, Imagery Involvement: Sense of Self-Worth Music: Rhythm, Harmonics Food: Flavor, Satisfaction Breathing: Inhalation of Oxygen
legacy architectural baggage / compatibility barnacles
"reverse Polish notation" (RPN) on the HP calculators "Polish" in honor of its inventor, Jan Lukasiewicz (Wu-ka-sha-vich), noted Polish mathematician (1878-1956). -- from footnote on p. 599 of _Computer Architecture: A Designer's Text based on a Generic Risc_ book by Feldman and Retter.
The nöosphere is defined as the sum total of all human knowledge and experience.
chantaltaxia (moving towards its preferred environment). http://www.legomindstorms.com/
New Words & Their Definitions http://members.tripod.com/~kathee/newword1.htm some funny ones. Similar to _Sniglets_.
translations of common phrases in "EMPLOYER SPEAK " and "APPLICANT SPEAK " http://www.intradata.com/humor/employer_speak.txt
Date: Mon, 14 Sep 1998 17:11:10 -0700 (PDT) From: Hardrock Llewynyth <hardrock at eskimo.com> To: "Those Oh-So-Wacky Libertarian Dudes." <christlib at swcp.com> Subject: Christlib: [mitnick] H/Ps should "own" their own Language! (fwd) Reply-To: <christlib at swcp.com> a little something i found on another mailing list (the Kevin Mitnick one). I don't know if i already forwarded it; but i figured that now would be a good time to send it again. hardrock ---------- Forwarded message ---------- Date: Sat, 29 Aug 1998 00:51:57 -0400 (EDT) From: ksandre <ksandre at cyberportal.net> Reply-To: mitnick at 2600.com To: mitnick at 2600.com Subject: [mitnick] H/Ps should "own" their own Language! In reference to the ABC 20:20 story, and any other Media reporting of H/P activity or perceived threat, I am forwarding an article from an activist M/L about 'Orwellian Logic' in the Media as applied to the recent physical Terrorist events. Since part of the subject of this KDM M/L is how to influence the most people through the media regarding Kevin's issues (and concurrently H/P issues in general), I think this article very dramatically highlights how the Media does this and therefore might help frame methods of overcoming it and possibly regain "ownership" of the very words used as weapons against people like Kevin and future Kevins. H/Ps should own the language and words that define them! ======================================================================= Subject: Orwellian Logic and the Monibombings (fwd) Here's an explanation, using Orwellian logic, about how the indefensible (such as the recent US bombings in Sudan and Afghanistan) gets defended in ordinary political discourse.... ---------- Forwarded message ---------- ORWELLIAN LOGIC 101 -- A FEW SIMPLE LESSONS By Norman Solomon / Creators Syndicate During the week after U.S. missiles hit sites in Sudan and Afghanistan, some Americans seemed uncomfortable. A vocal minority even voiced opposition. But approval was routine among those who had learned a few easy Orwellian lessons. When terrorists attack, they're terrorizing. When we attack, we're retaliating. When they respond to our retaliation with further attacks, they're terrorizing again. When we respond with further attacks, we're retaliating again. When people decry civilian deaths caused by the U.S. government, they're aiding propaganda efforts. In sharp contrast, when civilian deaths are caused by bombers who hate America, the perpetrators are evil and those deaths are tragedies. When they put bombs in cars and kill people, they're uncivilized killers. When we put bombs on missiles and kill people, we're upholding civilized values. When they kill, they're terrorists. When we kill, we're striking against terror. At all times, Americans must be kept fully informed about who to hate and fear. When the United States found Osama bin Laden useful during the 1980s because of his tenacious violence against the Soviet occupiers in Afghanistan, he was good, or at least not bad -- but now he's really bad. No matter how many times they've lied in the past, U.S. officials are credible in the present. When they vaguely cite evidence that the bombed pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum was making ingredients for nerve gas, that should be good enough for us. Might doesn't make right -- except in the real world, when it's American might. Only someone of dubious political orientation would split hairs about international law. When the mass media in some foreign countries serve as megaphones for the rhetoric of their government, the result is ludicrous propaganda. When the mass media in our country serve as megaphones for the rhetoric of the U.S. government, the result is responsible journalism. Unlike the TV anchors spouting the government line in places like Sudan and Afghanistan, ours don't have to be told what to say. They have the freedom to report as they choose. "Circus dogs jump when the trainer cracks his whip," George Orwell observed, "but the really well-trained dog is the one that turns his somersault when there is no whip." Orwell noted that language "becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts." And his novel "1984" explained that "the special function of certain Newspeak words ... was not so much to express meanings as to destroy them." National security. Western values. The world community. War against terrorism. Collateral damage. American interests. What's so wondrous about Orwellian processes is that they tend to be very well camouflaged -- part of the normal scenery. Day in and day out, we take them for granted. And we're apt to stay away from uncharted mental paths. In "1984," Orwell wrote about the conditioned reflex of "stopping short, as though by instinct, at the threshold of any dangerous thought ... and of being bored or repelled by any train of thought which is capable of leading in a heretical direction." Orwell described "doublethink" as the willingness "to forget any fact that has become inconvenient, and then, when it becomes necessary again, to draw it back from oblivion for just so long as it is needed." In his afterword to "1984," Erich Fromm emphasized "the point which is essential for the understanding of Orwell's book, namely that `doublethink' is already with us, and not merely something which will happen in the future, and in dictatorships." Fifty-two years ago, Orwell wrote an essay titled "Politics and the English Language." Today, his words remain as relevant as ever: "In our time, political speech and writing are largely the defense of the indefensible." Repression and atrocities "can indeed be defended," Orwell added, "but only by arguments which are too brutal for most people to face, and which do not square with the professed aims of political parties. Thus political language has to consist largely of euphemism, question-begging and sheer cloudy vagueness." National security. Western values. The world community. War against terrorism. Collateral damage. American interests. ================================================================== =EOF=
apodictic: Expressing, or of the nature of, absolute truth and certainty. -- 1998-11-11 "But many of the most poignant and life-changing experiences of believers, which they apparently recognise from one another's testimony, are held to be as intractable and apodeictic as my experience of the consciousness of another human. I can't scientifically *prove* that Jeff Dee is conscious, but I know it as well as I know anything. Maybe it's the same with religious claims - the `evidence' is accessible only to some, and perhaps only after they have placed themselves in a state inconsistent with skeptical kibbitzing. (I certainly hope this isn't the case, but my hopes can't legislate the ontology of the universe.) " -- Date: Wed, 09 Sep 1998 From: Damien Broderick <damien at ariel.ucs.unimelb.EDU.AU>
film noir http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=film+noir 1998-12-08
Improve your Vocabulary http://www.moonmac.com/~mklprc/Improve_Vocab.html
Ethernet (n): something used to catch the etherbunny.
"excess capacity and waste" / "safety margins" -- http://www.tbtf.com/archive/03-02-98.html In general, a "detergent" is any linear molecule containing a polar group attached to a long-chain fatty acid moiety, the molecule exhibiting both hydrophobic and hydrophilic interactions and tending to self-organize in solutions. -- http://scienceweek.com/ Transposable genetic elements (also called "jumping genes") are mobile segments of DNA that may appear at apparently random locations in the genome. -- http://scienceweek.com/
"technopropisms": "the word I coined to describe mistakes that survive spelling checkers." -- Sandy Reed <sandy_reed at infoworld.com> in 1998-12-21 Infoworld http://www.infoworld.com/ example: the poem "I have a spelling check her".
MNEMONICS = Mnemonics Neatly Eliminate Mankind's Only Nemesis - Insufficient Cerebral Storage -- http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/1756/taofaq3.txt
Software Glossary http://www.bram.net/humor-archive/1997-Oct/msg00027.html such classics as "ALL NEW -- The software is not compatible with previous versions." "REVOLUTIONARY -- The disk drives go round and round."
"A mondegreen is a lyric which is heard incorrectly." You can submit your own mondegreens, and check out those submitted by others, at http://www.enteract.com/~jessicar/lyrics/ .
I know someone who pronounces "Null", "knoll", and "Noel" identically.
"Engineering, in our view, is the application of scientifically based methods to the definition, design and construction of systems, products and artefacts in a predictable and manageable fashion. Specifically, it includes constraints relating to performance, economy of production and resources consumed by completed systems, quality and social usefulness." -- http://www.cs.latrobe.edu.au/research/se-3.html
http://piclist.org/techref/dictfun.htm list a bunch of isonyms (in sentence form).
ITMA (It's that man again) ... misinformation technology (MIT). -- http://www.theregister.co.uk/content/28/16586.html (also has lots of other humourous technology terms)
A technical manual (ATM)
asynchronous transfer mode
automated teller machine
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