wearable information storage, and
wearable communication gear including:
tangentially related to
[FIXME: considering moving just about all this information to
the handhelds wiki
] ... or
reviews all kinds of PDA hardware -- Visor, Palm, Psion, etc.
Also has free software downloads.
Also has message boards.
Pen Computing Magazine: Source for Windows CE, Palm OS, EPOC, wireless, Bluetooth, etc.
Handheld and Palmtop Computer News
``community resource for Handspring's Visor''
news and discussion board.
news specific to PalmOS (Palm, Handspring, etc.)
infoSync World - All about Palm OS, Pocket PC, Symbian and mobile phones.
"the intelligent place for handheld computers"
claims to be
The most complete set of FAQs on Windows CE anywhere!
Brian's PDA Optimized Web Site List
(general world and financial news, designed to be read on a PDA)
[FIXME: estimated prices]
wearables, in general.
(should I split out ``textiles'' ?)
``Wearable Computing'' by Doug Sutherland
has lots of detailed technical information
on how to integrate hardware into a wearable computer,
displays, cameras, alternative keyboards, GPS, etc.
Information on his smart jacket in particular (``Jacketized Computing'').
Information on the wearable community in general.
Also has lots of information on portable EEG, ECG
(brainwave and heart sensing).
[FIXME: link #GPS to his site]
My web site is now restructured like this:
http://home.earthlink.net/~wearable/hardware/ -- parts
Wear-Hard Mailing List Archive (searchable): http://wearables.blu.org
The Minimalist Road Warrior's Guide to
"Traveling Light" using a PocketPC
by Beverly Howard,
Total with GPS: 3 lb 0.0 oz = 1364 g
DAV: actual numbers.
How to build your own pocket-sized MP3 player.
Includes photos of his wire-wrap prototype board.
Scott E. Jordan, chairman and CEO of Scott eVest
Fashion designers by trade scoff at people in the tech world who,
like Jordan, a former corporate attorney, decide to design clothing.
It's just that so-called geek's wear is so ... functional.
holsters for holding PDAs and other accessories
``Tangible Bits: Towards Seamless Interfaces between People, Bits and Atoms''
paper by Hiroshi Ishii and Brygg Ullmer
Making digital information directly graspable.
Makes it easy for people to interact with the computer 2-handed.
``Engineering Researchers Are Designing The Ultimate Fabrics, For Casual Or Military Wear''
article by ??? 2002-11-11
[FIXME: ultrasonic ?]
Mark Jones and Tom Martin
The researchers are designing e-textiles --
cloth interwoven with electronic components --
as personal "wearable computers" and
as large sensing and communications fabrics.
The electronic wires and sensors woven into the fabric
will perform the complex procedure of listening for the faint sounds of distant vehicles
Within the fabric, the sensors and their connecting wires will communicate with one another
to create patterns of information.
This information can then be translated by computer software into images
that will enable soldiers to determine the location of detected sounds.
Sound detection is not the only potential use
Fabrics can be woven with sensors that can
detect chemicals, pick up satellite signals, and ...
Jones and his colleagues also foresee numerous industrial uses.
Meet the Otter Pop Pilot
An inspirational story about how we *could* be using handhelds.
"Xybernaut is the leader in Wearable computers"
Ubiquitous Computing News
"Over the coming months expect to see detailed plans
(schematics, part lists, CAD files, etc.) for MIThril components as well as source code and other technical
Wearable Computer Systems
at Carnegie Mellon University
"a big place for small devices"
articles, product reviews, software (mostly for Palm OS).
also: software developers for Pocket PC (Win CE) and Palm OS can submit their software here;
then smaller.com takes 30% of sales and mails the developer a monthly check.
Overview of Energy Conservation
The objective of this project is
to develop an understanding of power use in pocket computers,
and how energy consumption can be reduced
through software and system optimizations.
We are not, however, focusing on hardware modifications
for low-power processors
owing to it being unlikely that we could influence the design
of such processors.
Huh ? What happened to wearcomp ?
The MIT Wearable Computing Web Page
points to the "So you want to build your own wearable?" FAQ
and lots of other information on wearable computing.
"'Cyborg' technology designed to make U.S. soldiers more effective"
August 10, 2000
"wearable computing links and news archive"
an archive for
and an archive for
the mailing list Wear-Hard@haven.org
If computer hardware were truly wearable,
it would be securely attached -- there would be no need for
As it is, they're quite useful.
The i-Wear project
Fabric RF Antennas;
Power generation, management and control.
The team has developed a wireless communication system, the Fabric Area Network.
HOWTO: Build a VASE lab wearable
Peter Strobel Pilot Pages
reviews 10 PalmOS devices and a Windows CE device
from a hardware engineer's perspective:
with very nice photos of the PWBs (circuit boards)
Shows how the swivel in the Sony Clie NR70V works.
"Wearable computers on trial"
The Ottawa Citizen
Vismod Tech Reports and Publications
has many papers on wearable computation
wearable computation, information storage, and communication gear at MIT
Some people say
and wearables will have a synergistic combination.
See the book _Affective Computing_ by Dr. Roz Picard
of the "Things That Think" section of the MIT media lab.
the wear-hard mailing list at:
search for wearable computing at IBM.
[FIXME: link from
``Carry your portable devices and manage their myriad cords and wires in style
with the SCOTTeVEST,
a garment with 15 pockets to securely holster the most complex arsenal of gadgets.
Powered by the PAN-TECH conduit system,
each SCOTTeVEST encloses a personal area network
consisting of concealed conduits, or pockets,
providing connections from
cell phones to hands-free headsets or
MP3/CD players to headphones.
Wires are held in place with hidden contact fastners throughout the lining.
The pockets range in size and shape to suit a stylus or a subnotebook,
and everything in between.''
``TV on a T-shirt: New fabric displays glowing, changing images.''
article by Philip Ball 22 May 2002
Alex Lightman: Chief Executive Officer, Chairman and Co-Founder of
Charmed Technology, Inc.
runs the Brave New Unwired World Fashion Show (BNUW)
wearable broadband devices
as described in
_Brave New Unwired World: The Digital Big Bang and the Infinite Internet_ book
by Alex Lightman.
Charmed Technology, Inc.
also resells head-mounted displays.
a fully working personal computer enclosed in a lightweight aluminum case
suitable for carrying on the body ...
commercially available wearable
With the addition of a wireless network card, the CharmIT allows mobile connectivity.
The 266 Mhz Pentium model
A 16-bit ISA PC/104 expansion ...
The 800 Mhz Transmeta model uses a low power Crusoe TM5800 processor,
A 32-bit MiniPCI expansion slot
IEEE1394 firewire ports
Charmed is the only wearable company that offers full information on its hardware, even down to the CAD files for its case.
"The street finds its own use for things."
-- William Gibson, in _Neuromancer_
``A Whole New Fashion Industry''
Car seats that wake up drowsy drivers,
bed sheets that monitor your health,
socks that let you know when you are about to do a tendon,
vests that trigger an emergency beacon if you are dying of exposure --
that's what an eclectic mix of researchers spent last Friday discussing
as part of an Electronic Textiles workshop in Geelong.
The textile scientists, polymer chemists, physicists, and bioengineers
from around the world met
talks of a future far beyond the "wearable electronics" --
jackets with integrated mobile phones and music players --
that are beginning to creep onto the market today.
"These garments are still reliant on conventional copper wire technology
that changes the character and feel of clothes.
We believe the future lies with truly electronic textiles --
fabrics that contain electronic circuits but can be handled like traditional cloth,
crumpled or ironed,
thrown on the floor or into the washing machine," says Dr Holcombe.
Handheld Games FAQ
Clinton R. Dyer 1998 [FIXME: surely there's a more up-to-date version ?]
has advice on repairing buttons, cleaning screens, etc.
electronics that can roll up into a tight bundle.
The beginnings of "flexible electronics"
that can be sewn into comfortable garments.
There seems to be a convergence as
cheap wristwatches keep adding yet another function
to their primary purpose of displaying the time,
general-purpose computers capable of handling email keep getting smaller and lighter
and more and more portable
(from the ``mainframe'' in a rack bolted to the floor,
to ``desktop'', to ``luggable'', to notebook/laptop, to PDA,
to email-capable cell phones).
this section currently
contains general-purpose computers
packaged to be worn on the wrist ...
should I move
near here ?
Or leave single-function devices
that *only* do time
They have a few things in common --
the importance of low-power,
the ergonomics of the wrist, etc.
Wrist PDA mailing list
or send e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
wristwatch with integrated USB cable and 128 MB flash drive.
WristPC Wearable Keyboard
very compact QWERTY + arrow keys keyboard,
designed to be strapped to one wrist.
``Is That a PC on Your Wrist?:
IBM, Citizen team up on the WatchPad, a wristwatch PDA that uses Bluetooth to connect to a PC.''
article by Kuriko Miyake, IDG News Service, 2001-10-22
IBM is working hand-in-hand with Japanese watchmaker Citizen Watch
on new prototypes of IBM's WatchPad wearable computer...
The WatchPad 1.5, a wristwatch-sized device measuring 2.5 by 1.8 by .6 inches and
weighing 1.5 ounces, runs Linux on a 32-bit ARM processor at a maximum speed of 74 MHz.
It has 8MB of DRAM and 16MB of flash memory, a speaker, and a microphone.
It has a reflective monochrome liquid crystal display QVGA screen,
a fingerprint recognition device for security, and
an acceleration sensor that detects the user's hand movements.
It also has IrDA, RS232C, and Bluetooth network interfaces.
... The battery now lasts for at least a day ...
``Citizen to commercialize IBM's wristwatch computer''
article by Paul Kallender 2001-10-11 _EE Times_
``IBM clocks in with new Linux watch''
by Stephen Shankland
Staff Writer, CNET News.com
March 23, 2001, 10:20 AM PT
IBM has created a second-generation Linux wristwatch,
this one smaller than the original and sporting a gleaming golden display,
but still just as impractical.
its battery lasts only two hours
bright OLED (organic light-emitting diode) display...
crams an array of 640 by 480 pixels into a watch face just 0.65 inches tall by 0.87 inches wide,
said Chandra Narayanaswami, manager of the IBM Research Division's wearable computing program.
The golden yellow pixels against the black background not only
are far easier to read than the muddy liquid crystal display of the first watch, but
they consume less power, Narayanaswami said.
FOSSIL Wrist PDA
"Fossil’s Palm OS Wrist PDA Available June 30 ... $295"
By Ed Hardy
June 2nd, 2003
FOSSIL Wrist PDA
``lets you download and store important personal data from your handheld using infared beaming,
then strap it conveniently to your wrist.
190 KBytes RAM
48 KBytes ROM
102x64 pixel LCD
unfavorable review at
(but note that this is the 2001 pre-Palm OS version)
``Fossil unveils wrist-worn Palm OS PDA''
article by Jørgen Sundgot, Monday, 18.11.02 20:19 GMT
the world's first Palm Powered wristwatch.
Slated for availability in stores in mid-2003, the new watch will be available under two brands;
Fossil's own, and ABACUS.
Motorola Dragonball VZ 33 MHz processor,
2 MB RAM, a
160 x 160 pixel resolution 16-level grayscale display and an
IrDA 1.2-compatible infrared port
The press release
Fossil Wrist PDA to run full Palm OS 4.1
``"It's basically a Zire on the wrist," said Donald Brewer, Vice President of Technology for Fossil,
Like the Zire, the new Wrist PDA has a 160 x 160 screen, and 2MB RAM;
unlike the Zire, it has a 33MHz Dragonball processor and a backlit screen.
The Fossil spokesman said that there would initially be two brands,
the Fossil Wrist PDA, retailing for US$299, and
the Abacus Wrist PDA, which would sell for US$199.
... the only differences will be cosmetic.
There will also be plastic banded models... these will also be less expensive.
The product is expected after the first quarter of 2003.''
World's smallest computer/PDA...
- Guinness Book of Records
Standard configuration is:
102 x 64 pixel LCD display screen, cursor pointer, four (4) function buttons, and
an internal speaker
data can be input directly into the onHand [or]
... PC and the onHand ...
through the docking station.
And, you can transfer entire files, address records and
other PIM applications to another onHand through the IR Communications port.
sells the Onhand for $251.95.
Radiocontrol Project : Part I : Low Power DSP Wrist Watch
the Web-@nywhere Watch-Organizer
"High tech wristwatch info and mailing list for Ruputer, Datalink, etc."
Seiko to sell wristwatch PC
(128 KB memory)
Learning IR Remote Wristwatch Calculator
(TV infrared learning remote control, and calculator,
built into a wristwatch)
VMPC Blood Glucose Monitor Wristwatch
NTT has developed a prototype wristwatch-type PHS terminal, a "wearable communications device" that weighs only 70g including its batteries, antenna, and speaker.
Japan's personal handyphone system (PHS) network
"PHS, or personal handyphone system, an alternative digital
telecommunications standard that is cheaper than traditional cellular systems but has a
more limited range.
IBM's Linux Wrist Watch project
project leader: Alex Morrow
"It's a standard Cirrus part (an EP7211), which is based on
an ARM7 core plus additional built-in system controllers and
wristwatch games, bought and sold
"The wristwatch telephone"
[FIXME: future history]
"AT&T Labs' media relations director Brian Monahan,
wants to provide service for a phone
designed, built, and produced by someone else. Despite not wanting to get into the production market itself,
AT&T is tracking the developments in the industry and according to Monahan, "wristwatch telephones will be
commonplace in two or three years." "
"The HeartAlarm[tm] wristwatch works by sensing the electrical signals that the heart produces
with each contraction. These signals can be sensed anywhere on the body's surface, including
the wrist. When a blood clot blocks the flow of blood in the coronary artery, depriving some
heart muscles of oxygen, a different electrical signal is produced. A microcomputer in the
HeartAlarm[tm] screens the electrical signals, and sounds an alarm only when it receives
typical heart attack signals. False alarms should not occur."
input devices particularly designed for wearable computers.
for other strange and wonderful keyboard replacements
and strap-on keyboards.
The Design of a Wearable Computer
Len Bass, Chris Kasabach, Richard Martin, Dan Siewiorek, Asim Smailagic, John Stivoric
``user centered design''
Wearable computers are often viewed as small versions of desk top computers.
That is, they are rectangular in shape,
use mouse and keyboard surrogates as input devices and
use standard operating systems and software.
This is a very narrow and constraining view.
the VuMan3, a wearable computer ...
We have two main points in the paper:
1) the use of a dial as a primary input device and
the reflection of the dial in the look and feel of the user interface
provides a new paradigm useful for wearable computers and
2) conceptual integrity is the key to a successful design.
The dial was introduced as a concept in one of the groups of the integrated product team.
It gradually grew to the point where it began to dominate the look and feel
of the physical device.
This required the electronics group to modify their design for the mother board.
It caused the software to be modified to reflect the physical design decisions and
this final result was a new user interface paradigm:
circular input and circular visualization.
The dial as a control device has long roots dating back at least to early radios.
From the computer perspective, however, it is new to have it be the primary input device.
It allows for low attention and one handed input that is orientation independent.
It also allows for the operator to be wearing gloves and
it is resilient to chemicals and dirt.
lots of software stuff in my ``hardware'' section ...
should I just give up and merge into 1 section ?
handhelds, also called palmtops, also called
personal digital assistants (PDAs),
early steps towards wearable computers.
handhelds and PDAs, in general:
misc particular handhelds and PDAs:
A: open hardware,
B: runs open software,
C: completely closed/proprietary.
``the Filewalker, a new Linux-based handheld,
with a very unique (one-handed) means of inputting characters.''
133 MHz StrongARM processor and 32 MB RAM
IBM's meta-pad concept
``New 'ultra-personal computer' will run Linux (and much more)''
Apr. 17, 2002
OQO (pronounced "oh-q-oh") unveiled a unique tiny modular computer
weighs just 9 ounces
built-in 10 gigabyte hard drive
1 GHz Transmeta Crusoe TM5800
256 MB RAM (not expandable)
4-inch diagonal TFT color LCD;
640 x 480 pixels resolution
* Built-in 802.11b and Bluetooth radios and antennas
* 2 Firewire interfaces
* 2 USB ports
* Serialized PCI bus
Around $1,000 to $1,200
in volume production by the end of 2002
The MCC, or “mobile computer core,”
core consists of the Crusoe processor by Transmeta, 10 GB hard disk and 256 MB Ram all contained within 3"x5"x3/4" -- smaller than a typical PDA. Low power consumption makes it ideal for portable applications, and no fan is required.
Use it to run Windows 2000, WindowsXP, or Linux operating systems. Use it in multiple configurations -- desktop, laptop, handheld, tablet, or wearable.''
``the Helio runs VTech's VT-OS operating system, and
you can get its C based SDK from VTech's developer website at no charge.
Plus, as you may have heard, VTech has ported Linux to the Helio''
$149.99 initial list price 2000-11-11
MINIX on the HP200LX Palmtop
``These services should be equally useful for booting LINUX-86 (ELKS) on the HP200LX.''
The Simputer Project
"The Simputer Project, initiated by the Simputer trust,
aims at developing low cost access device that can pervade the rural landscape,
especially in third world countries."
[FIXME: think about volunteering ?]
``KaiiTM LinuxTM/JavaTM PDA Developer Community Site.''
``The world's first open hardware palmtop PC''
[FIXME: think about volunteering ?]
MyLinuxTM Pocket Linux Workstation
``PLW (Pocket Linux Workstation)
An Open Source, custom Linux embedded platform small enough for your pocket and
powerful enough for your workstation.''
[FIXME: think about volunteering ?]
``Grass roots PDA enters prototype debug phase'' article
has pictures of the first prototype PLW circuit board.
Xircom REX 6000 MicroPDA
reviewed by Steven G. Bush
January 5, 2001
"micro-PDA" credit-card sized.
"One-fourth the size of a Palm V"
"it's a Type II PC Card. It's a PDA"
240 x 120 pixels.
2 MB flash
$599 Phenom from LG Electronics
16 MB RAM,
100 MHz Hitachi Super H RISC,
640x240 (1/2 VGA) 256 colors;
color VGA output port (even on the black-and-white models),
close to a full-size keyboard.
"the LG Phenom Express is no longer in production.".
PLEB (Pocket Linux Embedded Box project)
``Photon'', a credit card sized StrongARM based prototype unit;
``Nova'', an Atmel AVR
(AVR is 8 bit RISC MCU family, some as small as 8 pin package)
based board for small projects;
and related software.
Delayed because gPCB is not yet available [FIXME:].
Designing the TurboTortoise, a Linux PDA.
[FIXME: volunteer to help:]
Printed circuit design/production,
I can do this for prototypes,
but some help for production would be welcome.
- EMC testing,
or an example of a typical technical construction file
(for CE marking, which is needed, to sell in the EC)
based around a MIPS R3000A 32-bit
RISC processor core running at 75MHz. It has 4-16MB of
EDO RAM (depending on model) along with the 8MB FPM
ROM which holds the WindowsCE OS. It has a
CompactFLASH Card slot which can take up to a 96MB
CompactFLASH memory card or other peripherals. The LCD
display is 320x240 pixels ... four
shades of gray.
compliant infrared transceiver which also supports speeds up
to 115 Kbps."
"Texas Instruments is no longer selling the Avigo personal organizer."
Yopy Linux PDA
Itsy Pocket Computer Version 1.5
The Itsy Pocket Computer is a flexible research platform.
designed to encourage the development of innovative research
projects, such as novel user interfaces, new applications, power
management techniques, hardware extensions, etc.
This distribution provides most of the information necessary to build
the Itsy pocket computer version 1.5. This distribution includes the
documentation, the schematics (including net-list), the PLD
programming data, the PCB manufacturing data, the PCB assembly
data (including bill-of-materials), and the case manufacturing data.
Itsy includes the StrongARM 1100, and runs Linux.
Computer Systems Laboratory Colloquium
4:15PM, Wednesday, February 24, 1999
NEC Auditorium, Gates Computer Science Building B03
Itsy: A Platform for Pocket Computing Research
Compaq Computer Corporation, Western Research Laboratory
About the talk:
Itsy is a small handheld computer based on the fast, low-powered, StrongARM SA-1100
microprocessor. Our current prototype runs at 200MHz on a pair of AAA cells, and sports a tiny,
high-resolution LCD with touchscreen, an audio codec, and up to 64MB of memory.
Itsy is designed to be an flexible platform for research projects ranging from OS power management to
novel gesture and speech-based user interfaces. The base Itsy hardware provides a flexible interface
for adding a custom daughtercard, enabling a wide range of hardware projects such as wireless
networking, cameras and alternate displays. Itsy supports the Linux OS and standard GNU tools,
facilitating the development of kernel and application software, as well as ports of existing packages.
Recently, Squeak (Smalltalk-80) and Java environments have also become available on Itsy.
My talk will outline the motivation for the project, describe details of the current hardware and
software, and suggest areas where further work is needed to further the usefulness and acceptance of
small, truly personal electronic appliances.
About the speaker:
Bill Hamburgen is a researcher at Compaq's (formerly Digital Equipment's) Western Research Lab in
Palo Alto. He initiated and leads the Itsy pocket computing project. His earlier work focused on
packaging high-powered microelectronic components and systems.
Compaq Computer Corporation
Western Research Laboratory
250 University Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94301
Don't confuse this with the Compaq iPAQ, ~$500 (Circuit City 2000-12-28)
"The iPAQ H3600
...based on the StrongARM SA-1110 processor
running at 206 MHz. ... color screen (320x240)
Infrared data (IrDA) serial port up to 4 Mbps
"Compaq iPaq 3650/30 PocketPC"
review by Ken "Cæsar" Fisher
(the 3630 and the 3650 are different ways of marketing the same thing ...)
some low-level technical details on low-cost PDA-like devices:
Where else can you get a small processor, a decent screen,
lots of memory, a serial port, a buzzer in a case for only $25 (including the batteries!)?
It's a great little platform for writing mini games and for little hardware projects.''
``SmallArms. This is a website dedicated to the pursuit of information about small pocket devices.''
sells some very low-cost PDA-like devices
$29 (at Wal-Mart) Excelsior
384kb Memory (flash);
6-Line x 20+ character Backlit Display;
$18 Royal Keychain Organizer RE885
lots of stuff on the psion in particular
"Linux7k is a project to port the unix-like operating system Linux to a small group of palmtops. The
"7k" in the name comes from the processor 'macrocell' (central architecture), which is the Cirrus
Logic PS-7110 chip. This architecture is currently used in the Psion Series 5 and Geofox One palmtops."
However, the newer Series 5mx and 5mxPro do not use a commercially-available system chip. In
addition, requests to Psion for hardware configuration information on these units have gone
unanswered. Therefore, without Psion's assistance, it is unlikely that a port to the '5mx will be
We hope that Psion will eventually realize the benefits in working with the Open Source community,
in the manner shown by other makers of handheld computers. The site www.handhelds.org
contains information on other, more Linux-friendly vendors.
the Psion Series 5, a very nice handheld computer (12.5 oz. PDA).
[FIXME: David wants one]
[FIXME: Alex Buell, email@example.com
also wants one
Linux and Psion HOWTO
by Hans Kugler
"This document describes how to use Psion palmtops with Linux, but does not cover running Linux on a Psion palmtop. See the Linux on Psion Project for
Linux on Psion
"project members to port the Linux kernel to the Series 5.
You can learn more about that effort (and download the software)
from this site.
However, the newer
Series 5mx and 5mxPro
do not use a commercially-available system chip.
requests to Psion for hardware configuration information
on these units have gone unanswered.
Therefore, without Psion's assistance,
it is unlikely that a port to the '5mx will be successful.
We hope that Psion will eventually realize the benefits
in working with the Open Source community,
in the manner shown by other makers of handheld computers.
The site www.handhelds.org contains information on other,
more Linux-friendly vendors.
lots of stuff on the palm pilot and handspring PDAs in particular.
``Congratulations! You got a handheld Palm device for the holidays!''
some tips to the newbie on software, accessories.
Ron Nicholson's Short and Completely Unofficial FAQ on PalmOS Handhelds
has a small section on programming PalmOS (" PalmOS application development tools ")
``Linux Palm Developer's Quick Start Guide''
by Jim Weller
Official Gadgeteer Article: Daily Use Comparison of Palm OS and Pocket PC
by Tom Munch 11/24/2000
lots of tips on how to use these PDAs for simple daily tasks.
Ron's Palm Computing(tm) Information Page
by Ron Nicholson
includes lots of application development tools --
tiny versions of Forth, Basic, Lisp, Logo, etc. to run on the palm,
and Palm emulators to run on desktop machines during development.
``PalmOS ... Software that I consider essential''
[FIXME: check out the PalmOS software they recommend]
supposedly there's a ``visor take-apart movie'' at
sells replacement screens, replacement outer cases, battery doors, screws, etc. for Palm and Handspring PDAs.
replacement PWBs (circuit boards).
Buys broken PDAs, sells refurbished PDAs.
Handspring Visor Springboard module list
Todd Ogasawara, Forum Manager, Handhelds Forum
``Visit the Handhelds Forum Messageboard to discuss Visor Springboard modules.''
I've heard that
"the team behind the original Pilot"
is now at
comparisons of lots of different models of Handspring,
Palm Pilot, and other devices runing PalmOS.
[FIXME: prices ????]
has pictures of the PWB (circuit board) *inside* of the Palm III.
___ gives detailed instructions on hot to fix a
Handspring Developer Forum
From: Mark Eichin
Subject: Re: GCC cross-to-m68k compiler
Date: 30 Mar 1997 16:33:26 -0500
Organization: Cygnus Solutions, Eastern USA
you might look at the patches for the USR Pilot cross-tools, available
starting from ftp://ns1.pfnet.com/pub/PalmOS/README. They add some
relative addressing modes for the CPU32 "dragonball" 68k in the pilot,
which is commonly used in other embedded apps...
programming the Palm OS
Embedded Linux/Microcontroller Project
``The first target system to successfully boot is the 3Com PalmPilot''
Development Tools for PalmPilot page;
Mindless Palm Pilot Stuff
Palm Pilot dissection
[PWB: circuit board]
Palm OS Programming from the Ground Up
telnet on a Palm Pilot
"Real-Time American Sign Language Recognition Using Desk and Wearable Computer Based Video"
"Steven Mann ... wear a video camera on his head ... for most of his waking hours."
Date: Wed, 10 Apr 1996 00:00:04 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: >H Digest
From: "Adam Foust"
Subject: >H Cyborg Tech
Transhuman Mailing List
Reading CNN technology news today I came across a really cool news
story concerning a head mounted webcam experiment by Steve Mann at
MIT. Check out:
For all I know, this is old news (I know that mobile web cameras are).
What is really interesting about Mann's experiment is that he is
employing what he calls a 'Visual Filtering' to preprocess the images
that he sees.
>From Mann's page: [ The visual filter
Sending visual information from my head-mounted cameras to one or more
remote processors (like some SGI Reality Engines on the Internet) and
then receiving a processed version of the visual information back at
my head mounted display, gives rise to what I call the `Visual
Filter'. While I can't put a Reality Engine in my backpack, I can
still pipe my visual world through one or more such computers and get
the same effect. A science fiction writer might envision implanting a
computer anywhere in the world between the eye and the brain, but this
is a long way off. Right now I'll live with my bulky communications
Mann has some interesting information and observations about cyborgs,
augmented memory, wearable computers, and related technologies on his
[ More and more people are carrying cellular phones, either to do
business, or for self-defense. A cellular phone is one of the greatest
weapons for self-defense against crime. This is the information age.
A phone should be something we wear, not something we carry. If you're
being mugged, you don't want to have to ask your assailant if he/she
minds waiting for a few minutes while you dial 911. ]
Calling to mind some discussions not too long ago on this list about
"augmentative/gradual uploading" (and practical technology paths to
uploading) and abilities/skills enhancement, I believe that the sort
of incremental technology development Mann is doing should be of
particular interest to transhumanists. Barring a sudden nanotech
reality overnight rewrite, I believe augmentative reality is going to
be the primary path to the future.
[ At some point, Mann plans to make his mobile
multi-media lab much smaller, so that it fits in an eyeglass
frame that is impervious to bad weather and will not hinder his
vision at all. "I should be able to play a competitive game of
volleyball," he says.....
"I'm trying to experiment with the future, some future ideas
of being able to see better, to remember, create and
communicate," Mann explains. (CNN article) ]
Mann's ideas are certainly not new or unique, however. The best
material I have encountered covering the ideas of "Enhanced Reality"
and cyborgization (in print or electronic) has been from (fellow
transhumanist and visionary) Alexander Chislenko:
Legacy Systems and Functional Cyborgization of Humans
Intelligent Information Filters and Enhanced Reality
Great stuff. What seems to be cool about Steve Mann's work is that
he is taking some of the first steps toward actually implementing the
nuts and bolts of augmentative/enhancement technology for humans.
(It makes me feel somewhat better that it's not just the military that
is putting time into developing enhancement hardware/software.)
[Adam Foust] * firstname.lastname@example.org * http://www.usit.net/public/afoust/
(the part you look into/through on a wearable computer)
Obviously it would be annoying to lug around
my 22 Kg desktop monitor everywhere,
but clever people are thinking up ways
to make displays that are physically small and lightweight,
while "appearing" to be large and detailed
-- either through optics held up to the eye,
a beam scanning the retina at the back of the eye,
or projection/reflection off the active device
onto a convenient wall or other area.
(Or is there another way ?)
many models, including
monochrome RS232 terminal,
full-color VGA (640x480), ...
MicroOptical's viewers are the smallest, lightest head-up displays available today. They accept standard VGA, NTSC, PAL, RS170 and RS232 signals and weigh about 1 ounce.
gives the user the impression of a free-floating monitor. This unique optical system is what allows the user to maintain natural vision and awareness of the environment.
glasses that, when you wear them,
project an image of a full-size computer screen.
UK Displays Newsletter
``a review of the microdisplays industry''
$2599.00 MSRP* the Sony Glasstron
sells it for only
$ 2599.00 Sony PC Glasstron (832x624, 52" simulation, VGA input)
$ 599.00 Sony NTSC Glasstron (800x225, 52" simulation, NTSC input)
Hacking the Glasstron for Augmented Reality
tiny full-resolution color displays.
(Good for wearables ?)
Retinal Displays Inc.
Virtual Retinal Displays
Virtual Retinal Display (VRD) Group
Virtual Retinal Display (VRD) Group
"Two prototype systems are currently being demonstrated. The
first is a bench mounted unit that displays a full color, VGA
(640 by 480) resolution image updated at 60 Hertz. It
operates in either an inclusive or see-through mode."
"Virtual Retinal Display (VRD)
technology is the key innovation that Microvision
has targeted to dominate the personal display
``Unlike alternative solutions
that project images from a miniaturized screen,
Microvision's display uses a single tiny mirror
to scan a low-power beam of colored light across the eye,
creating the effect of viewing a full-size screen.
Because of the device's simplicity and small size,
Microvision believes that it can deliver more performance
at a lower cost versus competing miniature displays. ''
"eyephones", "head-mounted consoles"
"Anything less than 60 degrees horizontal and about 40 degrees vertical
WILL NOT provide full immersion."
-- Anonymous Coward
opaque eyephones (most binocular)
Head Mounted Displays (HMD)
Biocular/Binocular HMD Vendors;
Wearable/Monocular HMD Vendors;
"direct mind-machine interfaces"
Mind Uploading Research Group (MURG)
Mind Uploading Research Group (MURG) mailing list
Date: Wed, 17 Jul 1996
List addresses are:
MURGemail@example.com - Put your request in the subject line
Possible things are: help, subscribe,
unsubscribe, help archive, and so forth.
List problems may be directed to me at firstname.lastname@example.org if there is a problem
with the addresses under the "lists.myofb.org" domain.
Reports of oddness
would be appreciated.
"Brain Death and Technological Change:
Personal Identity, Neural Prostheses and Uploading"
report by James J. Hughes
(check out the
photograph of the Neural-Computer Chip Interface
The Whole Brain Atlas
"An Educator's Guide to the Brain"
by Ronald C. Savage, Ed.D.
"Controlling Appliances with a Thought Seen Feasible"
graduate student Jessica Bayliss
at the University of Rochester
... professor Dana Ballard
"such an interface may be very useful in wearable computers",
The Brain Computer Interface
lots of related links
work by Gregory T. A. Kovacs
-- from Breakthrough! #15
Update: Brainwave Interface
This is an update to BT! #14 (96/09/17): Control Video Games With Brainwaves
The Other 90% Technologies has a product is MindDrive, sold at more than 400
computer retail outlets. The device relies on a sensor placed around a
computer user's finger. The sensor plugs into a black box containing
specialized software, which in turn connects to the back of a personal
computer. It uses patented filtering technology to decipher electrical
signals given off by human skin and arising from thoughts.
The MindDrive hardware and software package retails for about $149.95. The
10 initial games and other software products are priced from $24.95 to
$39.95, for use only on IBM-compatible machines.
University of Michigan Center for Neural Communication Technology
connecting wires directly to the brain.
artificial retinas; retina prosthetics
almost wearable ...
in-between a laptop and a PDA:
- $399.99 Dana
- full-sized keyboard
- runs Palm-OS applications,
- ``out'' USB port for printing
- ``in'' USB port for connecting to a Mac or PC.
- 560 x 160 pixel black-and-white screen
(larger than any other Palm-OS PDA --
... ``rotate'' icon
to display long, skinny lists sideways
-- either way, compatible with both right and left handers ...),
``it's far more useable outdoors than the average backlit color notebook display.'' --
which also mentions
``Currently in Dana are multiple alternate keyboard layouts, including DVORAK,
and right- and left-hand-only layouts.''
- 8 MB of memory.
How long to its batteries last ?
``up to 25 hours with the backlight on''
(They have another similar device
``Can run over 700 hours on 3 AA alkaline batteries.''
-- no other laptop I know can do that,
and very few PDAs
``designed to survive a 4 foot drop''
``33 MHz Dragonball processor''
DAV: can I run Forth on the Dana ?
... since it runs PalmOS, and Quartus is a Palm app, it should ...
$50 for software designed to turn the Dana into a graphing calculator
[I wonder if it can really replace a HP48 graphing calculator ...
I wonder if Quartus Forth can call this package for math graphics ...]
$200 AlphaSmart ... full-size keyboard, four-line, 40-character screen,
``a word-processing information appliance that's thin, durable and lightweight.''
ordering a Dana:
AlphaSmart, PDA, Dana, or Laptop?
has some interesting ideas
involving "dense, distributed sensor networks"
with dozens of processors.
"Vision Wall Systems, Inc.";
~$20 Pushpin Computing module
Things That Think
research department of the Media Lab
tiny ubiquitous technology:
sells commercial versions of
The Matchbox PC
Stanford Wearable Computing Laboratory.
Could be a component of a wearable computer.
computers on wheels
-- (safely) using computers while riding a bicycle, driving a car, etc.
Nomadic Research Labs:
Steven K. Roberts
"the pursuit of high-tech nomadness --
a freewheeling lifestyle aboard a computerized recumbent bicycle.
building its aquatic successor -- the Microship.
linked via satellite with global information networks."
early near-wearable pioneer:
Combining the passions in my list and abandoning all "rational thought,"
the obvious solution was to simply
equip a recumbent bicycle with ham radio and computer gear,
establish a virtual home in the nascent online networks, and
travel full-time while writing and consulting for a living.
Winnebiko II flickered to life in the summer of 1986. The primary design objective -- being able to type while riding
Nomadic Computing & Connectivity Resources:
seems like a good information storage idea --
no moving parts, so it's immunne to the jostling
of a wearable computer.
Mobile Computing & Communications
Road Warrior International, Inc.
LinuxDevices.com - the embedded Linux portal
"Email Unplugged -- The Promise of BlackBerry"
Jesse Berst, Editorial Director
From: email@example.com (Ben Steeves)
Subject: Re: Happy with grayscale; color is superfluous
Date: 26 Jan 2001 00:00:00 GMT
Organization: Excite@Home - The Leader in Broadband http://home.com/faster
User-Agent: slrn/0.9.6.2 (Linux)
NNTP-Posting-Date: Fri, 26 Jan 2001 14:08:13 PST
The best monochrome screen is that of the m100, although some people
find it too small. The Visor Platinum is a close second, and the Clie
a distant third. The best colour screen is the Visor Prism's; its a
bit more contrasty than the IIIc's and is 16-bit instead of 8-bit.
Of course, this is just my opinion.
Ben Steeves; -- firstname.lastname@example.org -- ICQ: 15105093
Linux USB for Handspring Visor
``CyberBoy is a PDA, MP3 Player, 640x480 Digital Still Camera, USB Camera, voice recorder and FM tuner all rolled into one unit. Specs: 33MHz ARM7 Processor, 240x320 4 Gray-scale STN Mono LCD, 8MB SDRAM, 8MB Flash ROM, SMC Flash Slot, Serial Port, USB Port, IrDA, Speaker & Microphone.''
has a section that lets you compare prices on
Head Mounted Displays
All TI Organizers are Discontinued.
writing, eBooks and handheld computing
Sharp's new Zaurus SL-5000D Linux/Java PDA developer edition
Exploring Linux PDA software alternatives
I hear 3rd hand rumors that the
nintendo Gameboy Advance homebrew community
is doing interesting things.
``Providers of high quality Shareware programs for
Palm(TM) OS V3.0; Symbian OS V6.0; Symbian OS V5.0; Psion OS V3.0
Things DAV wants to do with his PDA:
- schedule (with audible alarms)
- todo list (prioritized)
- quick reference information (my web pages ...)
- grocery shopping list
- non-grocery shopping list
- phone and address list (birthdays integrated with alarm schedule)
- language translation tools
- portable electronics workbench (?)
- dictionary / spell checker
- GPS: current 4 coordinates
- map (not necessarily integrated with GPS)
Maybe it's OK to have several PDAs,
as long as information can be easily synced between them.
has nice little graphic comparing the various sizes of
memory card add-in slots
(the slots often are used for other things as well --
ethernet cards, modems, etc.)
EpocCity News Service
Linux for the HP Jornada 525 ?
HP Jornada 525 ... only $189.00 ... color screen ...
there is active development of NetBSD (NetBSD/hpcarm) that runs on Jornada 525
NetBSD/hpcarm brings the NetBSD operating system to Intel StrongARM based Windows CE PDA machines.
NetBSD/hpcsh brings the NetBSD operating system to HITACHI Super-H family based Windows CE PDA machines.
PDA's Sturdy Enough for the Rugged Outdoors
(surviving drops onto concrete, usable in below-freezing temperatures, ...)
CNET helps you pick the right handheld
``if you already know why you want a handheld computer,
take a look at our task-specific recommendations.''
games for the Palm OS
games for Pocket PC
forums where people discuss how much they love / hate their PDAs ...
Cathy buys a PDA (funny comic)
... it takes all week ...
The wonderful world of electron-icks.
a mailing list about
Development and porting of free software for WindowsCE.
has lots of software written for / ported to WindowsCE,
the Vim text editor,
the Kaffe Java VM,
the ARMASM Assembler,
a Prolog interpreter,
the ISpell spell checker,
a Lisp interpreter,
a Perl interpreter,
the web virtual library on handheld computing
``PDA Accessories / Laptop Ruggedization & Enhancement / waterproof PC products''
Vr3 open source PDA (embedded Linux)
The Sharp Zaurus SL-5500
Linux(R) and Java(TM) based architecture
DAV: What does it mean when you say ``ARIPOS... is ... an open OS'' ?
sells software and acessories for Palm, Visor, and CLIE Handhelds
What's in Store for Us?
September 4, 2001
The Future Me
What's in Store for Us?
September 4, 2001
The Future PC
Photonic Fibers (unlike solid glass optical fibers, photonic fibers are hollow air-filled);
Desktop Chip Fab;
[FIXME: move to future computing]
[FIXME: read more about]
tons of electronic gadgets;
Macromedia Flash programming;
trip to Japan;
is considering mass producing a GPS Enabled Hiking Stick;
What is on Frank's Pocket PC?
[FIXME: check out some of this software for myself]
Speak Out: Design Your Perfect PDA - User Opinions
ideas for improving PDAs.
``a mic should be built into every PDA'' (microphone)
Speak Out: What Do You HATE About Your PDA? - User Opinions
claims to have
``PDA/Handheld ... personalized and completely unbiased product recommendations''
Navigation and the Palm OS
and another surprisingly similar page
lots of information on GPS software for PalmOS...
some tips on scanning in maps so they show up right on the handheld
``Using adapters and cables that are described below
you can hook up any gps with a serial port capability directly to the palm.''
seems to have lots of information on wearable computer components --
input devices, output interfaces, power supply, ... programming resources ...
lists lots of different people, each with their own kind of wearable computer.
``a lot of material here about the pocketAPRS program, Palm OS hardware ...''
which has DSPs that slide into Handspring Visors;
and open source software and tools for it.
One application already written:
``Connect the SM2496 to a two-way radio and the Handspring Visor becomes a handheld terminal/TNC/modem
that allows the user to exchange data and e-mail over thousands of miles.''
Visor and Springboard pages
links to the top 6 Visor news pages ...
a huge list of Springboard modules ...
and a few links to information on programming for PalmOS.
reviews of a huge number of cases,
categorized by which type(s) of handheld it fits.
``C-Pen 800: Scanner and PDA in the size of a highlighting pen.''
$199.95 initial list price 2000-11-29
a competing device, a different niche ...
UniX with Mobile Computers
``hands-on information about installing and running
Linux, BSD, Solaris and other UniXes on laptops, PDAs, cell phones, wearables and
other mobile computer devices.''
minor modification to add LED to pda cradle (looks like it would work on any PDA
connected to serial port)
more complicated modification with simple ``Knight rider'' blinker circuit
``for those who wish to use a laptop while completely reclined''
Science Fiction and Smart Mobs
Mark Weiser: ubiquitous computing
"Understanding the Postmodern Cyborg"
by Chris Hables Gray
Wed Jun 04 2003 - submitted by Matthew
Cornice, ... in Longmont ,Colorado,
hard drive capable of storing 1.5 GB of data. The mini drive is a mere one inch in diameter, and
more importantly it's claimed to cost less than current Flash memory cards or
other small hard drives.
Additional features include a USB interface
The hard drive ...
according to Cornice, can stand a one meter drop onto bare concrete without damage.
One comment mentions
~$65 you get ... 1.5GB, ... 100uA standby
(is that accurate ?)
[FIXME: should I have a special section just for various storage media ?]
Tests on digital cameras
"the Xircom REX 6000 MicroPDA is the world's smallest, lightest, full-function
MicroPDA. It lets you store thousands of names and addresses, manage your
calendar, check your task list, download Web content, and sync with your PC in
2 MB memory
"FreeStyle, the first Cascading Style Sheet editor for the Palm OSTM, is now in beta testing."
[FIXME: todo: go to
and search for "palm"
lots of software here.
and perhaps uclinux
using a tiny font ...
Debuffer is a FORTH-scriptable assembly-level debugger for the Palm.
PADict a Kanji/Kana Japanese/English Dictionary for Palm PDAs
Dragon Character Training is a PalmOS program using stroke recognition to help you learn to read and write Chinese characters.
Laser PC 6
... competitor to Dana competitor
portable word processors
32K bytes RAM internal
(Dana competitor ?)
lots of interesting info about Mr. Sinclair,
the computers he designed,
other fascinating electronic devices he designed.
"World’s first disposable paperboard computer"
"Handheld and Pocket PCs, Used Handhelds.com, & HP DOS Palmtops Central"
[FIXME: to read]
Solar Powered Jacket
debuts at the 2004 CES
We expect solar panels together with the P.A.N. to be incorporated into approximately 30% of all outerwear
in the next three to five years.
, said Scott Jordan, Chairman and CEO of SCOTTeVEST LLC.
"Wearables in 2005"
sells the "core body temperature monitoring pill" used by John Glenn and other Shuttle astronauts,
and a few other interesting electronics projects.
pen-sized personal computer system.
Meatball: pervasive computing
Meatball: carrying gadgets
interesting finger-ring interface
[todo: build one]
Top 20 wearable technologies to make you geekier
David Cary feedback.html
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